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Osteoporosis And Physical Therapy: A Safer Way To Keep Active

Patient Exercising To Strengthen Muscles and Enhance Bone Densisty
Patient Exercising To Strengthen Muscles and Enhance Bone Densisty


Osteoporosis is a condition characterized by weak and brittle bones, increasing the risk of fractures, particularly in the hip, spine, and wrist. It occurs when bone density and quality are reduced, leading to increased fragility.  The condition often progresses silently until a fracture occurs, making proactive measures essential.

There are several risk factors surrounding this condition including age, hormonal changes (especially in postmenopausal women), sedentary lifestyle, smoking, and certain medications. While nutrition and medication play significant roles, Physical Therapy/Physiotherapy (PT) offers a powerful, non-invasive approach to preventing osteoporosis. Here’s how PT can help you build and maintain bone health.


Physical therapy focuses on exercises and activities that strengthen muscles, improve balance, and enhance bone density. Highlighted below, are some key PT strategies for osteoporosis prevention and management:

1. Weight-Bearing Exercises

   Weight-bearing exercises are vital for stimulating bone formation and maintaining bone density. These exercises force your body to work against gravity, which in turn stresses the bones in a healthy way, prompting them to grow stronger. One example that would be included in your PT program would be Stair Climbing, this adds an element of resistance, further challenging your bones.

2. Resistance Training

   Resistance or strength training involves using weights or resistance bands to build muscle mass and bone strength. By placing stress on the bones through muscle contractions, resistance training promotes bone growth and density. Exercises might include Bodyweight Exercises such Push-ups, squats, and lunges which are guided by your Physical Therapist through your physical assessment.


3. Balance and Coordination Exercises

    Improving balance and coordination is crucial in preventing falls, which can lead to fractures. Physical therapists design specific exercises to enhance stability and core or trunk strength.  

4. Posture Training

   Good posture reduces the strain on bones and joints, particularly in the spine, which is a common site for osteoporotic fractures. Physical therapists teach proper alignment and body mechanics to support bone health such as:

  • Spinal Extension Exercises: Strengthens the muscles that support the spine.

  • Postural Awareness: Techniques to maintain good posture during daily activities.

5. Detailed Medical and Physical Assessment

   In order to maintain the benefits of physical therapy intervention, a tailored home exercise program is essential, as each individual's risk factors and physical condition vary. Physical therapists after assessing bone density, balance, strength, and overall health create a personalized plan. This assessment may include:

  • Baseline Assessments: Evaluating current bone density and physical capabilities.

  • Progress Monitoring: Regular check-ins to adjust the program as needed.

  • Education and Motivation: Teaching proper exercise techniques and providing ongoing encouragement.

   If you or your loved ones are considering Physical Therapy contact us at Enhance Rehab Services Ltd where our physical therapists educated in Fall Prevention would offer a comprehensive, effective approach to preventing osteoporosis. Through weight-bearing exercises, resistance training, balance improvement, and posture correction, we can help maintain and improve bone health on land and in water. By committing to a well-designed physical therapy regimen, you can significantly reduce your risk of osteoporosis and enjoy a healthier, more active life.

Don’t forget to ask about our Aquatic Physiotherapy Intervention!

Contact us at 868-493-4440 or


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